Are you searching to know about Pumped storage power plants in India?
Then you landed in the right place. Here you will know the list of pumped storage power plants in India from scratch to end.
So, Come with me and I will take you on the knowledgeable journey with Engineers Rail.
First, Let’s know How a Pumped storage power plant works.
How Pumped Storage Power Plant Works?
Pumped storage hydropower plants are peak load power plants, Here peak load plants are those types of plants that supply electricity during peak hours load during.
A pumped storage power plant is made of two types of the reservoir-
- Upper water reservoir
- Lower Water reservoir
During the peak hours of load, The water from the upper water reservoir travels down the power plant which is situated at the lower base of the hill.
In these power plants, there is the reversible turbine, which generates the electricity during the peak hour load duration and during the off-peak hour or during baseload, This reversible turbine works as a Pump motor.
After generating electricity, used water goes to the lower water reservoir, where again water is pumped back to the upper water reservoir during baseload and further this cycle is continued.
Now, Let’s move to the mainstream of the article, where you will know about the pumped storage power plant in India.
So, Let’s get started…
Here are in India pumped storage power plant-
- Sardar Sarovar Dam
- Tehri Dam
- Purlia Dam
- Srisailam Dam
- Nagarjuna Sagar Dam
- Kadamparai Dam
- Kadana Dam
- Ghatgar Dam
- Bhira Dam
- Poithan(Jayakwadi Dam)
Sardar Sarovar Dam- 1450MW
Built on the Narmada river, Sardar Sarovar Dam is a pumped-storage power plant with a total electricity generation capacity of 1450MW, Located in Navagam, Gujrat.
This dam has a length of 1210meter with 163meter of height.
It has the biggest lined irrigation canal in the world with a length of 458KM which even reaches in Gujrat-Rajsthan Border.
It provides irrigation to 18.5 lakh hectares of land in Gujrat which is 12 times the size of Delhi.
The length of the reservoir is 214KM and the average width is 1.7KM. The area covered by the reservoir is 37000 hectares which are 1/4 the size of Delhi.
The estimated cost of the whole project is around 4000 crore in 2010-2011.
Tehri Dam – 2400MW
Tehri Dam is India’s biggest hydropower plant in India with a limit of 2400MW situated in Tehri, Uttarakhand on the Bhagirathi waterway. This dam is known as India’s tallest Dam run by THDC India Limited.
Tehri Dam is a 3 phase dam with a stature of 260.5 Meters, Length 592 Meters, and top width of 25.5 Meters. Tehri Dam covers 42km2 of the area.`
Tehri Dam is Asia’s tallest and the World’s fourth Tallest Dam with 260.5 Meters of Height.
Tehri Dam is World’s eighth tallest Dam according to general positioning. The authorized name of Tehri Dam is Swami Ramtirtha Sagar.
Murguma Dam- 900MW
Murguma Dam is situated on the Saharajhore River near Murguma village in Purulia district. This dam is also known as Purulia Dam.
This dam comes under Purulia pumped storage project(PPSP) with a total electricity generation capacity of 900MW with reversible turbines of 225MW each.
Srisailam Dam- 1670MW
Srisailam Dam is a pumped storage dam with an electricity generation capacity of 1670MW.
This Dam is known to be the second-largest hydroelectric power plant with 512 meters long, 145 meters in height and 12 radial crest gates and with 616 square meters long reservoir.
Nagarjuna Sagar Dam- 816MW
Inaugurated by then prime minister Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru in 1955, Nagarjuna Sagar Dam was jointly operated by Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.
Nagarjuna Sagar Dam has a total power generation capacity of 816MW.
This dam is located in Nalgonda District in Telangana and Guntur District in Andhra Pradesh. This dam is the world’s longest and tallest masonry dam, Known as India Pride.
Kadampari Dam- 400MW
Constructed on the Kadampari river, Kadampari Dam is the pride of Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu.
This is the pumped storage power plant with a total electricity generation capacity of 400MW. The power plant is owned by the Tamil Nadu Electricity Board (TNEB) under the State Government of Tamil Nadu.
Kadana Dam- 240MW
Kadana Dam is a pumped-storage hydroelectric plant Located in Mahisagar district of Gujrat, constructed on Mahi river with a construction cost of 20Billion rupees and further opened in 1989.
This dam has a total power generation capacity of 240MW. The purpose of this dam is mainly for power generation, Irrigation and water storage.
This Kadana Dam is owned by NWRWS, the Government of Gujrat. It has 66meter of height with 575meter of length.
This is a two-stage power plant. Here is some information regarding the same-
|Stages||No. of Unit||Capacity|
Ghatghar Dam- 250MW
Ghatghar dam is the pumped storage power plant impound on the Pravara and Shahi Nalla river in Ghatghar village of Ahmednagar district, Maharastra.
This was built to generate power with a total power generation capacity of 250MW with two units of reversible Francis turbine.
The construction of the Ghatghar dam was begun in 1995 and further opened in 2006.
This dam is a Gravity type dam with a lower height of 86meter and an upper height of 15m and length of the upper area is 503meter and the lower length of this dam is 447meter and here power station of this dam is located between the upper and lower reservoir.
Bhira Dam- 300MW
The dam was built by the Tata power company in 1927 to generate power using a pumped-storage power generation system.
This dam is located in Bhira, the Indian state of Maharastra, 150Kilometer away from the financial capital of India- Mumbai. This dam is India’s second-best performing dam with the total capacity of Bhira Dam being 300MW.
This dam is also known as Tata powerhouse Dam. This dam helps to supply water for irrigation as well as tourism activities like rafting.
Jayakwadi Dam- 12MW
Jayakwadi dam impounds on the Godavari river and is located in Jayakwadi village of Aurangabad, Maharastra.
The construction of the dam began in 1965 and opened in 1976 with a construction cost of 4700Cr. under the ownership of the Government of Maharastra.
Further inauguration of the dam is done by then prime minister Indira Gandi under the supervision of Chief project engineer Mr AAA Siddiqui.
The height of this dam is 41.30m with a length of 9998meter with a total power generation capacity of 12MW.
Water is mainly used to supply drinking water and Irrigation water to nearby lands and further for Industrial use.
This was Top 10 Pumped Storage Power Plants in India. I hope you liked spending time here and gained some value in return. If so, share to your friends and colleagues or student to spread the knowledge.
Thank you for being with me. I hope to see you in the next session.
Abhishek Tiwary is a blogger by passion and a Quality Engineer by profession. He has completed his B.Tech degree in the year of 2017. Now working in a reputed firm and He loves to share his knowledge with others.