The Basic Parts of a Car Interior:
Following are the basic parts of the car interior:
- Steering wheel
- Speedometer or fuel gauge
- Turn signal indicator
- Air ventilation
- Side mirror
- Rearview mirror
- Vehicle audio
- Emergency flashers
- Glove or storage compartment
- Clutch pedal
- Brake pedal
- Gas pedal
- Power window or door lock controls
- Transmission or stick shift
- Ventilation controls
- Cup or beverage holder
- Emergency brake handle
- Floor carpet
- Seat and seat belt
1. Steering Wheel-
A steering wheel is a type of steering control in cars or automobile vehicles. Also called driving wheel or handwheel. This is the part of the steering system that the driver controls. The rest of the steering system responds to driver inputs.
This can be done through direct mechanical contact such as rewiring ball or rack and pinion steering gear, hydraulic power steering, or in some modern cars with the help of computer-controlled motors, called electric power. It also has a horn device that produces audible sounds to capture the attention of nearby vehicles and pedestrians.
2. Speedometer and Fuel Gauge-
A speedometer is a special device that measures and displays the speed of a vehicle. A fuel gauge is a device used to indicate the amount of fuel in a fuel tank. They are perfectly suited for motor vehicles; they started to be available as standard devices in the early 20th century. Speedometers have special names for other vehicles and use some other means of speed sensing. This is known as putlog in boats and aeroplanes; it is called an airspeed indicator.
3. Turn Signal Indicator-
The car is equipped with turn signal lights at all four corners. Inside the vehicle, these markings usually appear as green arrows in the direction of the expected turn. But in some vehicles, the turn signal lever is found on the left side of the steering wheel. It works as if moving the lever upwards indicates a right turn and moving it downwards indicates a left turn.
4. Air Ventilation-
Nowadays, most vehicles are equipped with air ventilation. It is also known as the air conditioner. Usually, it is available in two methods.
Mostly in the air recirculation method, the air conditioning system re-circulates the air inside the car for cooling purposes. In the Fresh Air method, it brings outside air into the car by opening an air duct at the front of the vehicle. And both these modes have their benefits and drawbacks.
5. Side Mirror-
Side mirrors are mirrors mounted on the exterior of vehicles, designed to assist the driver to see beyond the peripheral vision, the rear of the vehicle and the sides of the vehicle.
It is also known as the wing mirror. Side mirrors are used for manual or remote vertical and horizontal adjustments to provide adequate coverage to operators of different heights and seating positions.
6. Rear View Mirror-
It is a type of interior of the vehicle, designed to allow the driver to look behind the rear window of the vehicle. Rearview mirrors are enhanced by one or more side-view mirrors, which act as separate rearview mirrors on trucks, motorcycles and bicycles.
7. Vehicle Audio-
Vehicle audio is also an integral part of the car’s interior, providing in-vehicle entertainment and information for passengers. In the early 1950s, it had a simple AM radio.
As the technology evolved, it included FM radio, 8-track tape players, cassette players, record players, CD players, DVD players, Blu-ray players, navigation systems, and smartphone controllers such as CarPlay and Android Auto. Happened
8. Emergency Flashers-
Emergency flashers are warning lights installed on the vehicle. They are activated when the driver presses the alarm button or switch.
These lights alert other drivers to an emergency in which you may be or your car is parked on the side of the road. When you start your emergency flasher, all turn signal lights are on.
09. Glove or Storage Compartment-
This is a storage compartment built into the car’s dashboard, used for miscellaneous storage. It is located above the front seat passenger’s footwall.
The glove compartment is also known as the glove box. The name derives from the purpose of the compartment for storing driving gloves. They are rarely in a box on the floorboard near the driver.
10. Air Bags-
An airbag is a part of a car’s interior that uses a bag designed to spread very quickly, then quickly evacuate in the event of an accident. It includes an airbag cushion, a flexible cloth bag, an inflation module, and an impact sensor.
The purpose of using airbags is to provide soft cushioning and control to the occupant of the vehicle during an accident. It minimizes injuries between the occupant and the interior of the vehicle.
11. Clutch Pedal-
If you’ve ever driven a car, you’re in for a treat. The clutch pedal is only found in manual transmission-type cars. It is found on the floor to the left of the brake pedal.
When it is pressed by the driver, it shuts off the clutch, which terminates the transmission of power from the engine to the transmission. And when it is released, it only applies power through the transmission.
12. Brake Pedal-
Mostly in modern cars, the braking system is controlled by a pedal located on the floor to the left of the accelerator pedal.
When the driver presses it, it applies the brakes, causing the vehicle to slow down and/or stop. You should use your right foot to force the pedal to apply the brakes.
13. Gas Pedal-
The accelerator pedal is Known as the gas pedal. It is found on the floor on the right. It controls the amount of gas pumped into the engine and thus controls the speed of the vehicle. Gently push the gas pedal as your car accelerates.
14. Power Window or Door Lock Controls-
The car windows that can be opened or closed with the help of buttons are known as power windows.
Power Windows was first introduced in 1941 with Ford Motors. These power windows are first used in Lincoln Custom and Packard Custom Super 180 cars. The power window has replaced the traditional manual handle.
15. Transmission or Stick Shift-
Manual or standard transmission vehicles are commonly called stick shifts. The driver uses a stick shift to manually shift gears as they accelerate and slow down The vehicle. It is located on the car’s centre console. The shift lever joins the transmission through a link.
16. Ventilation Controls-
The mode of heating or cooling in the car is controlled by the driver’s control panel. The ventilation maker either sends cold air from A / C or warms the car cabin with an engine cooling medium through ventilation openings offered at appropriate locations.
17. Beverage or Cup Holder
The cup or beverage holder is a device used as a car restaurant table or a car drink holder while traveling. They can be made into automobiles or chairs or mounted on the walls of aeroplanes, boats, buses and trains.
They are durable, strong materials and easy to use. It can be used to hold drinks, food and anything small that you want to keep.
18. Emergency or Parking Brake
The emergency brake or handbrake acts like a handheld lever for quick braking and is located on the car’s centre console.
It consists of a cable attached to the brakes of the two wheels, which is then attached to the pulling mechanism. Parking brakes are used to prevent the car from moving forward or backwards while parking.
19. Floor Carpet-
Dirt from our shoes can also spread inside the car, creating an unhealthy environment that really stinks. By using floor carpets, dust and water accumulation in the interior can be prevented.
20. Seat and Seat Belt-
The car’s internal system consists of a driver’s seat and a passenger’s seat with a seat belt. The person driving the car sits in the driver’s seat. The passenger seat is located on the side of the driver’s seat where the passenger car sits.
A seat belt is a vehicle safety device that helps keep you safe and secure inside your vehicle during an accident or sudden vehicle stop.
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Abhishek Tiwary is a blogger by passion and a Quality Engineer by profession. He has completed his B.Tech degree in the year of 2017. Now working in a reputed firm and He loves to share his knowledge with others.